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European funded Projects

Energy citizenship – the active involvement and empowerment of the people in the energy sector – is a cornerstone to achieve a clean-energy transition and to build a low carbon and resilient future in the European Union within the next decades. Energy communities – non-commercial market actors in the energy sector – can help to achieve this goal once their potential is known and acknowledge by the citizens of the EU. Hence, the overarching objective of EC2 is to scale-up both energy citizenship and energy communities to achieve greater social acceptability and more durable governance arrangements via actionable policy recommendations for policy makers. To this end, we employ a transdisciplinary team of experts to (i) develop a psychological conceptualization to understand what it takes to become an energy citizen, (ii) identify legal and socio-economic market factors that can hinder or promote an emergence of and engagement of citizens in energy communities, (iii) experimentally test and gather quantitative-empirical evidence for these factors, psychological underpinnings, and for the conduciveness of energy citizenship for broader sustainable policy goals, (iv) use insights from the empirical work to foster the co-creation of digital tools with stakeholders to overcome barriers, (v) distill and disseminate the gained knowledge in Energy Citizenship Dialogues and an Academy, in a series of community Open-Days across five countries, in scientific articles, at conferences, in online repositories for durable access, and in briefings to policy makers on local, national and EU-level. In line with the EU's thrust to empower the people in the energy sector, this innovative research will provide valuable and evidence-based understanding. It will illuminate the socioeconomic, psychological and related factors and their interrelations with legal, regulatory and policy aspects to inform practical applications for fostering energy citizenship.


The GDHRNet COST Action explores theoretical and practical challenges posed by  the online context to the protection of human rights. The network will address whether international human rights law is sufficiently detailed to enable governments and private online companies to understand their respective obligations vis-à-vis human rights protection online. It will evaluate how national governments have responded to the task of providing a regulatory framework for online companies and how these companies have transposed the obligation to protect human rights and combat hate speech online into their community standards. The matters of transparency and accountability will be explored, through the lens of corporate social responsibility. The Action will propose a comprehensive system of human rights protection online, in the form of recommendations of the content assessment obligation by online companies, directed to the companies themselves, European and international policy organs, governments and the general public. The Action will also develop a model which minimises the risk of arbitrary assessment of online content and instead solidifies standards which are used during content assessment; and maximises the transparency of the outcome. The team of the UNI-ETC is led by Prof. Oberleitner.

SmatchS is an ERASMUS+ project that aims to encourage social inclusion and equal opportunities in sport. The project was initiated to embrace existing challenges to social inclusion of children with migratory background by using sport activities, recognized by European policies as a powerful tool for providing all members of society with equal opportunities and access to social rights. Within the project, the UNI-ETC team led by Prof. Oberleitner will provide effective verification, validation and evaluation of the project process flow and project results.

JuWiLi is a JUST project that aims at improving the application of the EU Succession Regulation through a better understanding of court functions exercised by notaries. The project aims at identifying common minimum procedural standards which enable fulfilling the criteria of the concept of “court” set by EU law. The economic part of the project will carry out an in-depth analysis of the notaries’ function as court commissioners to assess possible social as well as economic benefits resulting from these non-contentious judicial procedures. The study will include a major data collection exercise, that will be used for developing composite new indicators (Justice Scoreboard, CEPEJ) to compare the efficiency of national systems. Finally, as a contribution to better enforcement of judicial decisions through better procedures, case-handling and cooperation in cross-border civil cases, the project aims at putting in place a specialised online cooperation mechanism by expanding CNUE’s ENN (European Notarial Network) including a specific online request form and a chat room, thereby facilitating communication between notaries exercising court functions in Europe. This will enhance mutual trust in such procedures and complement mutual assistance tools such as the EJN in civil and commercial matters. The REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Lurger will be in charge of legal analysis.

ETAPAS is a Horizon2020 research project aimed at introducing a practical framework for public administrations to assess, measure and mitigate ethical, societal and legal risk connected with the use of disruptive technologies. Disruptive technologies have a great yet untapped potential to boost the development of new and more efficient public services. Reasons entail resource shortage in terms of competences and infrastructures, but also resistance to and lack of trust in technology. Although a recent uptake of the topic of ethical, social and legal issues related to DTs, practical guidelines to fully assess the risks of adopting DTs in Public Administrations are still missing. The REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Ehrke-Rabel and Prof. Eisenberger, will provide specific guidelines for the legal assessment of how disruptive technologies can be used in different areas of the public sector. Based on this preliminary study, it will further develop for the four use cases a matrix to enable an assessment of compliance of the disruptive technologies with fundamental rights, democratic principles and the relevant European legislation.

TRAIN TO EN4CE is a JUST project that aims to develop and provide training for judges and lawyers on EU Procedural Law. Two main Regulations facilitating cross-border debt collection, the European Order for Payment Procedure and the European Small Claims Procedure simplify, accelerate and reduce costs in litigation in cross border cases concerning pecuniary claims and especially ease cross-border enforcement of judgments. However, these instruments are not being utilized to their full potential, in large part due to lack of awareness among professionals. The REWI Graz team, lead by Prof. Anzenberger will co-develop and prepare material and cases for the training, conduct a series of sessions for Austrian lawyers and judges and contribute to the trainings in other partner countries.

DISCOM is an ERASMUS+ project that aims to strengthen students´ interdisciplinary and soft skills, such as communication, teamwork, cooperation and conflict management. DISCOM thus aims not only to support students achieve better results in university, but more importantly to better equip them for their professional life. Research showed that although highly relevant in professional life, soft skills are rarely taught in University. The DISCOM project thus is developing an interdisciplinary course and relevant training materials (including a mobile app) to be offered at the partner universities. Within the project, the REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Ferz is in charge of developing the section on conflict diagnostic and conflict management.

CODEMAL, is a JUST project that aims to foster cooperation between justice professionals, such as lawyers and mediators, and to promote effective and coherent application of the Brussels II rules, concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility. CODEMAL will develop judicial and mediation training to increase mutual and inter-professional understanding and to promote smoother solution of cross-border family law disputes, especially those involving children. Within the project, the REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Ferz, is in charge of developing the training support materials.

SOTER is a Horizon2020 research project that deals with cybersecurity in the financial sector. To help strengthen cybersecurity and better fight cyberattacks, SOTER is developing a Digital Onboarding Platform (a technology tool for digital identification and for facilitating the interconnections between different services providers and the users). The REWI Graz team under the lead of Prof. Ehrke-Rabel, is focusing on the development of trainings for bank employees in joint partnership with cybersecurity technology providers, banks and users.

EU-EN4s - Diversity of Enforcement titles in cross-border debt collection in the EU is a JUST project that examines aspects that contribute to a lack of sufficient mutual trust in cross-border enforcement procedures and aims to identify and analyze similarities and differences among different national procedural laws and their implications for effective judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters. The REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Nunner-Krautgasser is developing national studies to analyze national debt collection mechanisms and ascertain the relative importance of various enforcement titles in different jurisdictions, as well as supporting in the comparative analysis and exchange between partner countries.

EIO LAPD is a JUST project focusing on the implementation of the European Investigation Order in criminal matters. Research found that, despite its importance for example in the fight on terrorism, the implementation of the directive was until recently lacking in many member states. Furthermore, many member states have complied with their duty to transpose the directive only recently. EIO LAPD thus aims to accumulate knowledge on the practical application of the European Investigation Order, raise awareness of its importance and make this knowledge available to judges, investigative judges and public prosecutors. The REWI Graz team, led by Prof. Folz and Prof Schmölzer, is in charge of the project awareness raising and dissemination activities.

CRIMHUM is an ERASMUS+ project coordinated by Prof. Schmölzer. CRIMHUM aims to support the modernization of criminal law´s curricula in 5 Universities in Belarus and Ukraine. The project will focus on the development of graduates’ competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) and provide trainings, methodological tools and indicators for evaluating learning outcomes.


SCALINGS is an interdisciplinary research project funded by Horizon 2020 to better understand how co-creation, which describes initiatives to boost innovation through collaboration among diverse actors, varies across different European contexts and explore what is needed for successful scaling up. Concretely SCALINGS investigates the implementation, uptake, and outcomes of three co-creation instruments (public procurement of innovation, co-creation facilities, and living labs) in two technical domains (robotics and urban energy) across 10 countries. Using comparative case studies and coordinated cross-country experiments, SCALINGS explores if and how these instruments can be generalized, transferred, or scaled up to new sociocultural, economic, or institutional conditions to unleash their innovative power. Within the project the REWI Graz team led by Prof. Eisenberger focuses on the legal requirements for co-creation in Europe. 

Research Management


Maddalena Vivona

Universitaetstrasse 15/A3
8010 Graz

Phone:+43 (0)316 380 - 6814

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